|Separation of Powers|
|Prerequisite||Government by Consent|
|Research Points Needed|
|Building Needed||Classical University|
|Leads To||National Debt, Rights of Man|
A theory proposing that, in order to have a fair and just society, all powers of rulership must never be in the hands of just one person or group.
"Unlimited power is apt to corrupt the minds of those who possess it..." Kings have long had the freedom to do as they will, often resulting in injustice, cruelty and tyranny. This is the very reason for the development of a theory that proposes splitting power between different and possibly competing departments of government.
Historically, the French political commentator Charles de Secondat (1689- 1755) began France's move away from the "States general" (the division of the French people into the three estates of clergy, the artistocracy and everyone else) under the absolute authority of the King, towards a separation of powers. He was also responsible for the divison of government into legislative, executive and judicial parts. One branch makes law, the second enforces them, and the third oversees the process of justice.