Flag of Great Britian
|Appears in||Grand Campaign|
Great Britain is one of the 11 playable nations in Empire: Total War. It is also one of the major factions in the game. It represents the Kingdom of Great Britain ruled by the House of Hannover.
The Kingdom of Great Britain is a proud faction with a long and admittedly proud history, its constituent countries of England and Scotland playing major roles in European politics throughout the Middle Ages and beyond. The situation is no different in the 18th century, when the British Faction is stronger than it ever was.
Great Britain is a country which is based on sea trade and the might of its navy. While the British cannot compete with continental Europe on land, the Royal Navy rules the oceans and Britain's colonies can be found from Asia to America. While Britain still has a king, his influence is less significant than that of most other European monarchs as the parliamentary (and more and more democratic) systems strengthen. However, there are many possible rivals and enemies so strategic alliances with other powers could be vital. Because of they have a smaller population and smaller country size than other nations, the British have always been known to use cunning in place of human bloodshed (especially if it involves their own men).
Great Britain is not a natural creation, but the marriage of separate kingdoms and peoples. The new nation has been through a century of unparalleled turbulence: an unwelcome joining of Scotland and England; religious strife; civil wars; an executed king; military dictatorship; a populist monarch restored; and the overthrow of a second king. Less than 15 years ago, the hated Catholic James II was forced into exile in the Glorious Revolution and a Protestant monarchy restored. A short, vicious war in Ireland put paid to any chance of a Catholic Stuart restoration. Nonetheless, the exiled James Stuart has sympathisers, the Jacobites, throughout Britain. Despite – or perhaps because of – this turbulent history, Britain is an engine driving the scientific and cultural advancement of northern Europe: turmoil fuels creativity. As an island nation, Britons have always looked to, as Shakespeare puts it:
“…the silver sea, Which serves it in the office of a wall, as a moat defensive to a house…”
Britain’s strength lies at sea, but in trade and colonisation as much as naval power. Trade taxes pay for the navy; the navy allows unhindered trade. The English Channel keeps the French at bay and, to a lesser extent, the Dutch. With Dutchman William III on the British throne, there is ambivalence in the traditional rivalry with the Netherlands.
The British have united the islands of Ireland and Great Britain under their rule and the kingdom is currently going through a period of stability and prosperity. The sea poses an ideal defense against European land forces while the fabled Royal Navy ensures that no foreign ship gets too close to the British realm. Over the past few centuries, Great Britain has expanded considerably, establishing colonies all over the world. In the Caribbean, the British have conquered several islands while the 13 colonies in North America will prove to be a strong base for possible future conquests. Given the dominance and power of the British navy, even India doesn't seem too far away and could serve as a target for future expansions.
In conclusion, the kingdom of Great Britain is definitely a very powerful state which doesn't have to fear any other nation in the known world. However, the British have many enemies. Although the Spanish kingdom is currently in a decline, Spain still controls a huge colonial empire in the Americas which stands in the way of future British conquests. Spain might be weakened but it's still a powerful faction, with a multitude of strong alliances. On top of that, Great Britain's old rival France is at the height of its power. Continental Europe is dominated by the French and the Catholic kingdom doesn't hesitate to expand in North America as well. While the British navy is clearly superior to the French one, France's land army is powerful and might pose a serious threat to Britain. Even a French invasion of the British Isles might be in order in the future.
The English and Scots like to think that they can sleep safe, confident that no foreign invader or tyranny need worry them. They are partly right, but only as long as there is no centralised Continental power. A nation that can unite the resources of Europe will surely crush the dream of Albion. This, then, is the fundamental aim of Britain: to side with the weak in Europe against the strong – and steal as many overseas possessions as possible while doing it!
- Head of State – William III
- Capital – London, England
- Generals – John Churchill, Henri de Massue, Kevin McDowell
- Admirals – George Nooke, Edward Russell, John Leake
- Government – Constitutional Monarchy
- Religion – Protestant
- Protectorates – Thirteen Colonies
- Allies – Austria, Hannover, United Provinces and Portugal
- Trade Partners – United Provinces, Thirteen Colonies, Sweden, Portugal.
- At War – Rebels and Pirates, Barbary Pirates
- Military Units – 2 General's Bodyguard, 2 Yeomanry, 1 Dragoons, 2 Line Infantry, 1 Rangers, 4 Pikemen, 3 Militia, 1 Colonial Militia, 2 sets of Demi-Cannons.
- Navy Ships – 4 5th Rate, 3 6th Rate, 2 Brig, 3 Sloop
- Agents – 1 Rake, 1 Gentleman, 1 Missionary
- Treasury – 7500
- London, England – Barracks, Parliament Chamber, Conservatorium, Admiralty, Cannon Foundry
- Edinburgh, Scotland – Army Encampment, Governor's Palace, Settlement Fortifications.
- Dublin, Ireland – Magistrate
- Port Royal, Jamaica – Military Governors Barracks
- Nassau, Bahamas – Magistrate
- Moose Factory, Rupert's Land – Magistrate
First Army – Gen. John Churchill, Yeomanry(45), Line Infantry, Pikemen(120), Militia(120)
Second Army – Gen. Henri de Massue, Yeomanry(45), Pikemen(120), Miltia(120)
London Garrison – A set of Demi-Cannons(18), Pikemen(120), Miltia(120)
Port Royal Garrison – Gen. Kevin McDowell(24), Colonial Militia(60)
Nassau Garrison – A set of Demi-Cannons(18), Line Infantry(120), Pikemen(120), Dragoons(60)
Moose Factory Garrison – Rangers(60), Pikemen(120)
English Channel – Adm. Nooke's 5th Rate(130/47), 5th Rate(92/47) Sloop(62/18)
Northwestern Atlantic – Adm. Leake's 5th Rate(130/47), 6th Rate (92/32)
Irish Sea – Adm. Russel's 5th Rate(130/47), 5th Rate(130/47), 6th Rate(92/18)
Caribbean Sea – Brig(78/25), Sloop(62/18), Sloop(62/28)
Victory Conditions Short CampaignEdit
Victory Conditions Long CampaignEdit
Capture and Hold 35 regions by then end of year 1799, including the regions shown. Gibraltar, Scotland, Hindustan, Egypt, Georgia, Leeward Islands, Ireland, Florida, Malta, Bengal Bijapur, England, New France.
History of Great Britain 1700-1799Edit
- 1701 - Death of James II of England and Scotland. James had a son, James Francis, James but since the Jacobite Scottish House of Stewart was Catholic, Great Britain’s turn to Anglican Protestantism in the 16th Century, the start of a Catholic vs Protestant War of the Spanish Succession and civil unrest meant that James had to abdicate to France.
- 1701 - War of the Spanish Succession. Habsburg Side (Habsburg Austria, England (and later Great Britain)), the Dutch Republic, Savoy, Prussia, Portugal) vs. Bourbon Side (France, Bavaria)
- 1702 - Anne I, James II only protestant child, becomes Monarch.
- 1707 - The Act of Union of 1707, creates the Kingdom of Great Britain. Composed of one monarch the new title - Princess Regent of Great Britain, defender of the faith - Created a single throne from the previous ones of Scotland and England.
- 1708 - James in France tries to retake the British throne. Supported Financially by Louis the XIV of France he set of with the French Navy, but suffered defeat.
- 1713 - Treaty of Utrecht ends British involvement in the War of the Spanish Succession - Peace with France and her allies. Strains relations with Hannover and the Dutch. War ends in 1714 with a Habsburg victory. Great Britain gains Newfoundland from France and Gibraltar from Spain.
- 1714 - Anne Dies. George I of Hannover son of Ernest Augustus Elector of Hannover comes to power. He is Anne's second cousin but the first non-Catholic in line to the throne.
- 1715 - Years of famine cause the First Jacobite Rebellion in Scotland against the Union and Hanoverian Rule. James Francis returns to Britain, with the Scot Clans he fights Hanoverian forces in the Battle of Preston. Fransis is defeated, becomes severely depressed and never returns to Britain again.
- 1719 - The Jacobites decide that they need European support to overthrow the Hanoverians. With the support of the Spanish the Jacobites form another army. The Second Jacobite Rebellion ends with their swift surrender in the Battle of Glen Shiel.
- 1724 - Death of George I. Son George II becomes Monarch.
- 1739 - War of the Austrian Succession. Hohenzollern and Wittelsbach(Prussia, France, Bavaria, Saxony, Naples & Sicily, Genoa and Sweden ) vs Hapsburg(Great Britain, Hanover, United Provinces, Saxony, Russia.
- 1745-Start of the 3rd Jacobite Rebellion led by Charles Edward Stuart. The rebels gain many initial sucesses and manage to invade England but have to retreat
- 1746 - Carnatic Wars Mugal India vs Great Britian vs France. Destruction of the 3rd Jacobit rebellion at the battle of Culloden at the hands of the Duke of Cumberland, The Redcoats and many loyalist clans.
- 1748 -The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession. Great Britain gets nothing major.
- 1754 - Seven Year's War. Prussia, Great Britain, Hanover, Portugal and the Iroquois Confederacy vs. France, Austria, Russia, Spain and Sweden.
- 1760 - Death of George II. Son George III becomes Monarch.
- 1763 - The Seven Year's War Ends with the treaty of Paris of 1763. New France cedes to Great Britain. The Carnatic Wars also end, Britian keeps Madras.
- 1775 - American War of Independence, Great Britian vs Thirteen Colonies.